BIRMINGHAM HIP* Resurfacing
BIRMINGHAM HIP* Resurfacing | Who is a Candidate for Hip Resurfacing? | Diseases of the Hip | Non-surgical Alternatives to Hip Resurfacing | The Procedure | The Implant | Hip Resurfacing: Pre-op & Surgery Day | Hip Rehabilitation After Surgery | Preventing Hip Resurfacing Complications | Frequently Asked Questions
Hip Rehabilitation After Surgery
One of the critical success factors for a positive outcome is following the physical rehabilitation process. In order to help achieve the goals for a successful hip resurfacing procedure, you must actively participate in the rehab process and work diligently on your own, as well as with the physical therapists, to achieve optimal results.
Your recovery program usually begins the day after surgery. The rehabilitation team will work together to provide the care and encouragement needed during the first few days after surgery.
You may be given a device called an incentive spirometer that you inhale and exhale into. It measures your lung capacity and assists you in taking deep breaths. These exercises reduce the collection of fluid in the lungs after surgery, preventing the risk of pneumonia. Coughing is an effective tool for loosening any congestion that may build in the lungs following surgery.
1. Do not bend forward to reach your feet. You must maintain a 90 degree angle between your torso and legs.
2. Do not lift your knee higher than your hip on the operated side.
3. Do not cross your legs.
4. Do not allow your legs to internally rotate (feet turned in).
5. Do not twist while lying or standing.
6. Sleep on your back with a pillow between your knees to prevent crossing.
7. Strictly observe your weight bearing precautions during standing or walking.
Also, the occupational therapist will instruct you in the proper use of various long-handled devices for activities of daily living. These devices may include the following:
1. A reacher to dress and pick things up from the floor.
2. A sock-aid that will assist in putting on socks.
3. A long-handled sponge to wash your legs and feet.
4. A leg-lifting device to move the operated leg in and out of the car or bed.
5. An elevated toilet seat so that you don’t violate your hip precautions when using the bathroom.
6. An elevated bathtub chair to fit in the shower or tub.
Following surgery, a physical therapist may help you with your rehabilitation protocol. In addition to the exercises done with the therapist, you should continue to work on the hip exercises in your free time. It is also important to continue to walk on a regular basis to further strengthen your hip muscles. An exercise and walking program helps to enhance your recovery from surgery and helps make activities of daily living easier to manage.
Here is a list of potential exercises that you may be asked to perform (If an exercise is causing pain that is lasting, reduce the number of repetitions. If the pain continues, contact your physical therapist or physician):
• Ankle Pumps
• Quadricep Sets
• Gluteal Sets
• Heel Slides
• Leg Lifts
• Knee Extensions
• Hip Abduction
While at home, you will continue to walk with the assistive device unless directed by your surgeon to discontinue use. You must also remember to strictly follow the hip precautions and weight bearing instructions during the first few months following surgery. It is recommended that you not drive unless you have been approved by your doctor.
Life After Hip Resurfacing Surgery
After you have completed your hip rehabilitation, you should experience improved range of motion and have strength in your hip to return to most everyday activities. Below are a few warnings to keep in mind after your hip resurfacing surgery. Remember to listen to what your body tells you. If you begin to have pain or swelling, contact your physician for advice.
• Take care to protect your new hip from too much stress and follow your surgeon’s instructions regarding activity level.
• Do not perform high impact activities such as running and jumping during the first year following your surgery to allow your hip bones to heal properly. While that same study of 2,385 BIRMINGHAM HIP resurfacing patients found that less than one-half of one-percent of patients experienced a femoral neck fracture in the first five years after surgery, the average time this fracture took place was just two and a half months after their surgery. Other studies have shown a fracture rate of up to 1.4-percent.
• Early device failure, such as breakage or loosening, may occur if you do not follow your surgeon’s limitations on activity level. Early failure may occur if you do not protect your hip from overloading due to activity level or fail to control your body weight. Accidents such as falls may also cause early device failure.
*Trademark of Smith & Nephew.